12 June 1943

12 June 1943

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12 June 1943



War at Sea

German submarine U-118 sunk off the Canary Islands

North Africa

King George VI arrives in North Africa


Lampedusa Island surrenders to the Allies



Latest Podcasts

Links to other podcasts

Australian Naval History Podcasts
This podcast series examines Australia’s Naval history, featuring a variety of naval history experts from the Naval Studies Group and elsewhere.
Produced by the Naval Studies Group in conjunction with the Submarine Institute of Australia, the Australian Naval Institute, Naval Historical Society and the RAN Seapower Centre

Life on the Line Podcasts
Life on the Line tracks down Australian war veterans and records their stories.
These recordings can be accessed through Apple iTunes or for Android users, Stitcher.

Historical Events on June 2

Event of Interest

1627 English king Charles I establishes Guyana Company

    Prince Frederick Henry conquers fort Rhine at Cologne Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic Russia and Austria sign agreements Pontiac's Rebellion: At what is now Mackinaw City, Michigan, Chippewas capture Fort Michilimackinac by diverting the garrison's attention with a game of lacrosse, then chasing a ball into the fort

Event of Interest

1771 "Armida", an operatic 'dramma per musica' by Antonio Salieri debuts at the Vienna Burgtheater

    Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allows governors in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London Surveyor Charles Brodhead achieves the 1st ascent of Giant Mountain (4,626 feet) in Adirondack, New York, the 1st of any Adirondack High Peak [1]

Event of Interest

1835 P. T. Barnum & his circus begin 1st tour of US

    The Slavic congress in Prague begins. 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine) The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Event of Interest

1862 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during the American Civil War

Event of Interest

1863 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

    Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2 At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings) Construction begins on Clay St (San Francisco) for world's 1st cable railroad James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Event of Interest

1875 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

    Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens Pierre de Brazza festival welcomed in Paris

Historic Invention

1896 Italian engineer and inventor Guglielmo Marconi applies for the first ever patent for a system of wireless telegraphy in the United Kingdom

    Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY) 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon

Appointment of Interest

1902 British naval officer David Beatty is appointed captain of the cruiser HMS Juno

    Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis 33rd Preakness: Eddie Dugan riding Royal Tourist wins in 1:46.4 43rd Belmont: Eddie Dugan riding Joe Madden wins in 2:21.6 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time 1st roundtrip flight over English Channel (C S Rolls, England) Pygmies discovered in Dutch New Guinea 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome Battle of Verdun: German troops, under Lt Rackow, launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.

Event of Interest

1917 Canadian ace Billy Bishop undertakes a solo mission behind enemy lines, shooting down three aircraft as they were about to take off and several more on the ground, for which he is awarded the Victoria Cross

Event of Interest

1920 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)

Event of Interest

1924 President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act (also known as Snyder Act), declaring all Native Americans to be American citizens [1]

    Kraft, building on the original 1918 design, rolls out Velveeta cheese Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati

Event of Interest

1932 German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"

    Fisherman George W. Perry catches the world record largemouth bass, weighing in at 22 pounds, 4 ounces, at Lake Montgomery, Georgia

Event of Interest

1933 FDR authorizes 1st swimming pool built inside the White House

    WNJ-AM in Newark NJ goes off the air French Championships Men's Tennis: Gottfried von Cramm of Germany wins 1st of 2 French titles beats Australian Jack Crawford 6-4, 7-9, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3 French Championship Women's Tennis: England's defending champion Margaret Scriven beats American Helen Jacobs 7-5, 4-6, 6-1

Event of Interest

1935 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth announces his retirement as a player at 40 years of age

    French Championships Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his only French title, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-3, 3-6, 6-1, 6-3 40th Women's French Championships: Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-1) General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua

Miracle of Dunkirk

1940 Heavy German bombing on Dunkirk beach

Event of Interest

1942 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

    99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy) German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins

Event of Interest

1944 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England

    Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day) Monte Carlo and Alma Sanders' musical "Louisiana Lady" opens at Century Theater, NYC runs for 4 performances Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns St Louis Browns pitcher Harry Dorish swipes home vs Washington Senators

Catholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Evangelii praecones

    650,000 metal workers go on strike in US Maurice Olley of General Motors begins designing the Corvette

Royal Coronation

1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England

    John Costello (Cons) becomes premier of Ireland The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.

Event of Interest

1956 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

Event of Interest

Baseball Record

1958 Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford fans 6 in a row to tie an AL record

Event of Interest

1959 Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid", San Francisco

French Open Men's Tennis

1962 French Championships Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Rod Laver beats Roy Emerson 3-6, 2-6, 6-3, 9-7, 6-2 2nd leg of Laver's 1st Grand Slam

    French Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Margaret Smith beats doubles partner Lesley Turner 6-3, 3-6, 7-5

#1 in the Charts

1962 Ray Charles' cover of Don Gibson's "I Can't Stop Loving You", from his influential crossover album "Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music" hits #1 on Billboard

    "Folies Bergère" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 191 performances 2nd of 2 cyclones in less than a month kills 35,000 (Ganges River, India) US Surveyor 1 lands in Oceanus Procellarum 1st lunar soft-landing Race riots in Roxbury suburb of Boston Canadians must get government permission to export silver WBLG (now WTVQ) TV channel 62 in Lexington, KY (ABC) 1st broadcast Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices US destroyer USS Frank E Evans in half, killing 74 (South Vietnam) European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: Ajax beats Panathinaikos, 2-0 Dutch champions begin 3-year period of domination Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh "Nash at Nine" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 21 performances

French Open Women's Tennis

1973 French Open Women's Tennis: Margaret Court of Australia beats American teenager Chris Evert 6-7, 7-6, 6-4 for her 5th and last French singles crown

    Mali adopts constitution Malta's constitution goes into effect First recorded snowfall in London in June James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine) VP Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA East Timor People's Assembly accepts annexation by Indonesia New Jersey allows casino gambling in Atlantic City

Papal Visit

1979 John Paul II becomes 1st pope to visit a Communist country (Poland)

Event of Interest

1979 Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley signs first homosexual rights bill

Event of Interest

1981 Barbara Walters famously asks Katharine Hepburn “If you were a tree, what kind of tree would you be?”

    "Blues in the Night" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 53 performances 1980 movie "Attack of the Killer Tomatoes" released in Germany Toilet catches fire on Air Canada's DC-9, 23 die at Cincinnati "Welcome To Fun Zone" hosted by Dr Demento airs on NBC-TV Actress Jill Ireland has a radical mastectomy Flight readiness firing of Discovery's main engines

LPGA Championship

1985 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Nancy Lopez wins by 8 shots from fellow American Alice Miller

    39th Tony Awards: Biloxi Blues and Big River win Andreas Papandreou's PASOK-party wins election in Greece RJ Reynolds Company proposed a merger with Nabisco NYC transit system issues a new brass with steel bullseye token Regular TV coverage of US Senate sessions begins

Event of Interest

    61st National Spell Bee: Rageshree Ramachandran wins spelling elegiacal Consumer Reports calls for a ban on the Suzuki Samurai automobile

Film Premier

1989 "Dead Poets Society" film starring Robin Williams premieres

    14 year old Scott Isaacs spells spoliator to win 1989 Spelling Bee Cincinnati Red Eric Davis hits for cycle

Goddess of Democracy

1989 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, protecting students demonstrating for democracy

Hundreds of thousands of Chinese protest around a 10-meter replica of the Statue of Liberty they called the Goddess of Democracy
    "Turtle Power" by Partners In Kryme hits #13 Seattle's Randy Johnson, no-hits Tigers, 2-0 45th Tony Awards: "Lost in Yonkers" & "Will Rogers Follies" win 4th Children's Miracle Network Telethon Seppo Raty of Finland improves his world javelin record to 318' 1" Three Andrettis finished 1-2-3 in the Miller 200 at Wisconsin

Event of Interest

1992 Former NFL NY Giant Coach Bill Parcells undergoes open heart surgery

    Wilson Phillips release their second album "Shadows & Light" 67th National Spelling Bee: Ned Andrews wins spelling antediluvian Chinook helicopter crashes in North Scotland (29 killed)

Event of Interest

1994 Indonesian censors ban Steven Spielberg's "Schindler's List"

    Sharon Stone files $12m lawsuit against her jeweler John Valentin hits 3 HRs 50th Tony Awards: "Master Class" & "Rent" win US Open Women's Golf, Pine Needles GC: Annika Sörenstam retains her title by 6 shots from Kris Tschetter 9th Children's Miracle Network Telethon Albert Belle's Chicago White Sox tying 27-game hitting streak ends

Event of Interest

1997 Timothy McVeigh found guilty of 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168

    The CIH computer virus is discovered in Taiwan The Bhutan Broadcasting Service brings television transmissions to the Kingdom for the first time 56th Tony Awards: "Thoroughly Modern Millie", "The Goat", or Who is Sylvia?" win

Television Debut

2002 Crime drama "The Wire" created by David Simon and starring Idris Elba and Dominic West debuts on HBO

    Europe launches its first voyage to another planet, Mars. The European Space Agency's Mars Express probe launches from the Baikonur space centre in Kazakhstan.

Event of Interest

2004 Ken Jennings begins his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy!

    Switzerland officially enters the global recession The unity government is sworn into power in Palestine it agrees to the following: recognition of Israel, compliance to diplomatic agreements, renunciation of violence Former Liberation Front guerilla fighter Salvador Sánchez Cerén, 69, is sworn in as president in El Salvador Telangana with Hyderabad as it's capital becomes India's 29th state after it is separated from Andhra Pradesh US Congress passes new legislation to reform National Security Agency procedures, restricting gathering of phone records FIFA President Sepp Blatter announces his resignation, 5 days after his re-election, amid FIFA's involvement in a bribery scandal 100 volunteers in Bhutan set a world record for tree planting - 49,672 in 1 hour "Wonder Woman" directed by Patty Jenkins released, earns over $100 million in North American in its opening weekend - domestic record for a female director Socialist Pedro Sánchez is sworn in as Spanish Prime Minister US Open Women's Golf, CC of Charleston: Lee Jeong-eun of South Korea wins her first major title beats runners-up Lexi Thompson, Agel Yin and Ryu So-yeon by 2 strokes New outbreak of Ebola has killed five people in city of Mbandaka, Democratic Republic of Congo Brazilian death toll passes 30,000 from COVID-19 at 31,199 with 555,383 number of cases confirmed, 2nd only to the US

Event of Interest

2020 UN human rights chief, Michelle Bachelet says pandemic exposing "endemic inequalities" around the world, cites death of George Floyd and higher death toll for ethnic minorities

12 June 1943 - History

12th Fighter Squadron

Constituted 12th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 Nov 1940. Activated on 15 Jan 1941. Redesignated: 12th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942 12th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, on 26 Jan 1944 12th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine, on 6 May 1946 12th Fighter Squadron, Jet, on 23 Dec 1949 12th Fighter-Bomber Squadron on 20 Jan 1950 12th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 1 Jul 1958 12th Fighter Squadron on 1 Oct 1991.
50th Pursuit (later, 50th Fighter) Group, 15 Jan 1941 (attached to 7th Interceptor [later, VII Fighter] Command, 10 Feb-17 Aug 1942) 15th Fighter Group, 18 Aug 1942 US Army Forces in South Pacific, 1 Dec 1942 XIII Fighter Command, 13 Jan 1943 18th Fighter (later, 18th Fighter-Bomber) Group, 30 Mar 1943 (attached to Air Task Group 5, Provisional, 27 Jan-19 Feb 1955 Air Task Force 13, Provisional, c. 3 Sep-30 Nov 1955 49th Fighter-Bomber Group, 7 Aug 1956-14 Mar 1957 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 15 Mar-15 Aug 1957 Thirteenth Air Force, 16 Aug-1 Sep 1957) Thirteenth Air Force, 2 Sep 1957 18th Fighter-Bomber (later, 18th Tactical Fighter) Wing, 25 Mar 1958 (attached to 2d Air Division, 1 Feb-15 Mar 1965 and 15 Jun-25 Aug 1965 314th Air Division, 23-29 Jan 1968) 18th Tactical Fighter Group, 1 May 1978 18th Tactical Fighter Wing, 11 Feb 1981 18th Operations Group, 1 Oct 1991-.
Selfridge Field, MI, 15 Jan 1941 Key Field, MS, 3 Oct 1941-c. 19 Jan 1942 Cassidy Field, Christmas Island, 10 Feb 1942, Palmyra Island, 22 Oct 1942 Efate Island, New Hebrides, 19 Nov 1942 (operated from Fighter Strip No. 2, Guadalcanal, 19 Dec 1942-6 Feb 1943) Fighter Strip No. 2 (later, Kukum Field), Guadalcanal, 7 Feb 1943 (operated from Treasury Island, Solomon Islands, 19 Feb-Aug 1944) Mar Drome, Sansapor, Dutch New Guinea, 23 Aug 1944 (air echelon operated from Guadalcanal, Aug 1944 a portion of the squadron operated from Morotai, 8 Nov 1944-10 Jan 1945) Lingayen, Luzon, 13 Jan 1945 Hill Strip, San Jose, Mindoro, 27 Feb 1945 (rear echelon operated from Lingayen, 28 Feb-4 Apr 1945 and became the advance echelon at Moret Field, Zamboanga, Mindanao, on 24 Apr 1945 an air echelon operated from Puerto Princesa, Palawan, 26 Apr-11 May 1945) Moret Field, Zamboanga, Mindanao, 4 May 1945 (a detachment operated from Sanga Sanga, Sulu Archipelago, 11 Jun-Aug 1945, and another detachment operated from Tacloban, Leyte, 25-c. 30 Jul 1945) Tacloban, Leyte, 5 Nov 1945 Puerto Princesa, Palawan, 15 Feb 1946 (a detachment operated from Florida Blanca AAB, Luzon, 24 Jun-16 Jul 1946) Florida Blanca AAB, Luzon, 17 Jul 1946 Clark Field (later, AFB), Luzon, 16 Sep 1947 (operated from Johnson Field, Japan, 28 Jun-c. 11 Jul 1949) Taegu AB, South Korea, 28 Jul 1950 Ashiya AB, Japan, 8 Aug 1950 Pusan-East AB, South Korea, 8 Sep 1950 (a detachment operated from Pyongyang-East, North Korea, c. 5-19 Nov 1950) Pyongyang-East, North Korea, 20 Nov 1950 Suwon AB, South Korea, 3 Dec 1950 Chinhae, South Korea, 22 Dec 1950 (a detachment operated from Suwon AB, 22 Dec 1950-4 Jan 1951 part of the squadron operated from Suwon AB, 24 Mar-8 May 1951, and another part from Pusan-West AB, South Korea, 24 Mar-23 Apr 1951 operated from Seoul AB, South Korea, 8 May-9 Aug 1951 and 19 Aug-30 Sep 1951 operated from Hoengsong, South Korea, 1 Oct 1951-1 Jun 1952) Hoengsong, South Korea, 2 Jun 1952 Osan-ni AB, South Korea, 11 Jan 1953 Kadena AB, Okinawa, 30 Oct 1954 (operated from Yonton Auxiliary AB, Okinawa, 10 Nov-11 Dec 1954 deployed at Tainan AB, Formosa, 27 Jan-19 Feb 1955 and c. 3 Sep-30 Nov 1955 detachment operated at Clark AB, Philippines, 1-14 Aug 1957) Clark AB, Philippines, 15 Aug 1957 Kadena AB, Okinawa (later, Japan), 25 Mar 1958- (deployed at Da Nang AB, South Vietnam, 1-19 Feb 1965 Korat RTAFB, Thailand, 8 Feb-15 Mar 1965 and 15 Jun-25 Aug 1965 Osan AB, South Korea, 23 Jan-13 Jun 1968).
P-35, 1941 P-36, 1941 BT-13, 1941 P-40, 1941-1942 P-39, 1942-1943, 1943, 1944 P-400, 1943 P-38, 1943-1946 P(later, F)-47, 1944, 1946, 1947-1948 P(later, F)-51, 1946-1947, 1948-1950, 1950-1953 P(later, F)-80, 1946, 1949-1950 F-86, 1953-1956 F-84, 1956-1957 F-100, 1957-1958, 1958-1963 F-105, 1962-1972 F-4, 1975-1980 F-15, 1980-.
Patrols over the Pacific from Christmas Island, Feb-Oct 1942. Combat in South and Southwest Pacific, 19 Nov 1942-14 Aug 1945. Combat in Korea, 1 Aug 1950-8 Jan 1953 and 25 Feb-27 Jul 1953. Combat in Vietnam, 1 Feb-15 Mar 1965 and 15 Jun-25 Aug 1965. Stood alert in South Korea, 23 Jan-13 Jun 1968, after seizure of the USS Pueblo by North Korea.
Service Streamers. None.
Campaign Streamers. World War II: Guadalcanal Northern Solomons Bismarck Archipelago New Guinea Leyte Luzon Southern Philippines Western Pacific China Defensive Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific Theater. Korea: UN Defensive UN Offensive: CCF Intervention First UN Counteroffensive CCF Spring Offensive UN Summer-Fall Offensive Second Korean Winter Korea Summer-Fall, 1952 Third Korean Winter Korea, Summer 1953. Vietnam: Vietnam Advisory Vietnam Defensive.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.
Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Philippine Islands, 10-11 Nov 1944 Korea, 3 Nov 1950-24 Jan 1951 Korea, 22 Apr-8 Jul 1951. Presidential Unit Citation: Southeast Asia, 25 Jun-25 Aug 1965. Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device: 1 Aug 1964-5 Jun 1965. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Dec 1959-30 Nov 1960 1 Sep 1962-31 Aug 1963 6 Jun 1965-31 Dec 1966 1 Sep 1978-30 Sep 1979 1 Oct 1979-31 May 1980 1 Jun 1981-31 May 1983 1 Jun 1983-31 May 1984 1 Jun 1984-31 May 1986. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (WWII). Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations: [28] Jul 1950-31 Jan 1951 1 Feb 1951-31 Mar 1953. Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm: 1 Apr 1966-30 Jun 1970.
On a disc, Light Yellow, outlined White, edged Black, an eagle, affronte, his head turned to the dexter, his body and under wings Black his back, outer wings, legs, tail feathers and tips of head feathers Silver-Grey, highlights and head feathers White his feet Light Brown all outlines Black his left wing bent and placed over his breast, his right wing holding upward, a sword, point to base, blade Silver-Grey, hilt and pommel Red. Approved on 15 Apr 1957 (K 7729) and modified in 1994. MOTTO: IN OMINIA PARATUS- Prepared for All Things. Approved 15 Apr 1957 (K 7729) and modified in 1994.

©2004 7th Fighter Command Association All Rights Reserved

Philippine independence declared

During the Spanish-American War, Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo proclaim the independence of the Philippines after 300 years of Spanish rule. By mid-August, Filipino rebels and U.S. troops had ousted the Spanish, but Aguinaldo’s hopes for independence were dashed when the United States formally annexed the Philippines as part of its peace treaty with Spain.

The Philippines, a large island archipelago situated off Southeast Asia, was colonized by the Spanish in the latter part of the 16th century. Opposition to Spanish rule began among Filipino priests, who resented Spanish domination of the Roman Catholic churches in the islands. In the late 19th century, Filipino intellectuals and the middle class began calling for independence. In 1892, the Katipunan, a secret revolutionary society, was formed in Manila, the Philippine capital on the island of Luzon. Membership grew dramatically, and in August 1896 the Spanish uncovered the Katipunan’s plans for rebellion, forcing premature action from the rebels. Revolts broke out across Luzon, and in March 1897, 28-year-old Emilio Aguinaldo became leader of the rebellion.

By late 1897, the revolutionaries had been driven into the hills southeast of Manila, and Aguinaldo negotiated an agreement with the Spanish. In exchange for financial compensation and a promise of reform in the Philippines, Aguinaldo and his generals would accept exile in Hong Kong. The rebel leaders departed, and the Philippine Revolution temporarily was at an end.

In April 1898, the Spanish-American War broke out over Spain’s brutal suppression of a rebellion in Cuba. The first in a series of decisive U.S. victories occurred on May 1, 1898, when the U.S. Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey annihilated the Spanish Pacific fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay in the Philippines. From his exile, Aguinaldo made arrangements with U.S. authorities to return to the Philippines and assist the United States in the war against Spain. He landed on May 19, rallied his revolutionaries, and began liberating towns south of Manila. On June 12, he proclaimed Philippine independence and established a provincial government, of which he subsequently became head.

His rebels, meanwhile, had encircled the Spanish in Manila and, with the support of Dewey’s squadron in Manila Bay, would surely have conquered the Spanish. Dewey, however, was waiting for U.S. ground troops, which began landing in July and took over the Filipino positions surrounding Manila. On August 8, the Spanish commander informed the United States that he would surrender the city under two conditions: The United States was to make the advance into the capital look like a battle, and under no conditions were the Filipino rebels to be allowed into the city. On August 13, the mock Battle of Manila was staged, and the Americans kept their promise to keep the Filipinos out after the city passed into their hands.

While the Americans occupied Manila and planned peace negotiations with Spain, Aguinaldo convened a revolutionary assembly, the Malolos, in September. They drew up a democratic constitution, the first ever in Asia, and a government was formed with Aguinaldo as president in January 1899. On February 4, what became known as the Philippine Insurrection began when Filipino rebels and U.S. troops skirmished inside American lines in Manila. Two days later, the U.S. Senate voted by one vote to ratify the Treaty of Paris with Spain. The Philippines were now a U.S. territory, acquired in exchange for $20 million in compensation to the Spanish.

In response, Aguinaldo formally launched a new revolt–this time against the United States. The rebels, consistently defeated in the open field, turned to guerrilla warfare, and the U.S. Congress authorized the deployment of 60,000 troops to subdue them. By the end of 1899, there were 65,000 U.S. troops in the Philippines, but the war dragged on. Many anti-imperialists in the United States, such as Democratic presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, opposed U.S. annexation of the Philippines, but in November 1900 Republican incumbent William McKinley was reelected, and the war continued.

On March 23, 1901, in a daring operation, U.S. General Frederick Funston and a group of officers, pretending to be prisoners, surprised Aguinaldo in his stronghold in the Luzon village of Palanan and captured the rebel leader. Aguinaldo took an oath of allegiance to the United States and called for an end to the rebellion, but many of his followers fought on. During the next year, U.S. forces gradually pacified the Philippines. In an infamous episode, U.S. forces on the island of Samar retaliated against the massacre of a U.S. garrison by killing all men on the island above the age of 10. Many women and young children were also butchered. General Jacob Smith, who directed the atrocities, was court-martialed and forced to retire for turning Samar, in his words, into a “howling wilderness.”

In 1902, an American civil government took over administration of the Philippines, and the three-year Philippine insurrection was declared to be at an end. Scattered resistance, however, persisted for several years.

More than 4,000 Americans perished suppressing the Philippines–more than 10 times the number killed in the Spanish-American War. More than 20,000 Filipino insurgents were killed, and an unknown number of civilians perished.

File #990: "C-LP Circular No. 7 June 12, 1943.pdf"

I^eirtafjaing to supp!ly of field acbi^.tiea of Civil. Air Patrol are new
being ucrked cut V7ith the A3x Sertr'-.C'") C^memd, Air Ordnence Officer^
Aix Quarterroaster Offices.'^ aaid oth':3i^ Special Service Officora of Head=»
quartans Ai^iay Jiir Forces Coastel Patrol aiid Liaison Patrol Conaoanders
w'Xl be adrisod as soon as procerm'Ɖ.3 have been determined#
3» E. cept ottieriviise apocificolly directed in letters of
ijnstrustiors, al?. conrnmicationn bntrT'sen Ci^il Air Patrol field activitie
and other f.^ncies o£ the Qweminent -/111 be handled throu^ this Headqiiarters^
direction of Natlo:ml Coicsandefr JOHIISOW:

2 Pages
Page 1

A . A . F, R E G U L AT I O N



1. General. Pursuant to the authority granted by AGO Memorandum

No. W95-12-43, Ifey A, 1943, subject "Transfer of GItH Air Patrol from
the Office of Civilian Defense to the War Departioent," the National Head

quarters Civil Air Patrol is hereby established as an exei^jted activity
under the supervision of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces,
2 . N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r, C i v i l A i r P a t r o l . T h e N a t i o n a l C o n n n a n d e r,
Civil Air Patrol shall be such AAF officer as may be designated from

time to tine by the Commanding General, Athqt Air Forces. He shall in
spect and supervise the activities of the Civil Air Patrol, including
training report on its needsj prepare estimates of funds, supplies, and

equipment required for its operations furnish liaison between the Civil

Air Patrol and the Amy Air Forces and perform such other duties in con

nection with the Civil Air Patrol as may be delegated to him from time to
t i m e .

3. Activities. The continuance of the following activities of the
Civil Air Patrol is authorized as directed by the Commanding General,

Anny Air Forces as hereafter set forth?
a. Coastal Patrol, Coastal patrol units of the Civil Air
Patrol are authorized as directed by the Commanding General,
Army Air Forces to patrol coastal shipping lanes for the

purpose of protecting friendly shipping and of locating

and reporting enen^r submarines, war ships, or suspicious
surface craft, and to take such action as their equipment
permits in the destruction of eneny submarines.

b^ T.^flison Patrol. Liaison patrol units of the Civil Air
Patrol are authorized to patrol such land frontiers of
the continental United itates as are determined from time

to tljifi by the defense commands having jurisdiction of

c. N^lntary Courier designated from time to the are Air

Patrol as may be Service. Such units of time Civil authorized
to augment special flight services for the amfid forces, in
cluding special courier services, scheduled courier operations,
AAF subdepot courier service, aircraft warning missions, air
craft tracking missions, camouflage, and other aerial in
spection missions.

to engage in such other activities in behalf of the armed
forces or of federal, state, or municipal authorities, or
persons or corporations engaged in the war effort as are
deemed advisable by the National Commander and are within

policies established by the Commanding General, Army Air

4. Operational Control. Operational control of the units of the
Civil Air Patrol engaged on missions described in paragraph 3 hereof

a. Coastal patrol units will function under operational control
of the AAF Antisubmarine Command, through National Headquar
ters, Civil Air Patrol. Special tactical situations which
may arise may be met by instructions direct from the Anti
submarine Command to the coastal patrol commanders concerned.
b. The units of the Southern Liaison Patrol will function under

the operational control of the Southern Defense Command,
through National Headquarters, Civil Air Patrol. Special
tactical situations which may arise may be met by instruc
tions direct from the Southern Defense Command to the liaison

patrol commanders concerned.
c. The mits of the courier service will function under the

operational control of the AAF command for whom the service

is rendered through National Headquarters, Civil Air Patrol,
or in the case of missions not performed for any AAF command,
under the operational control of National Headquarters,
Civil Air Patrol.
5. Procedure

a. Administration and supply of field activities of the Civil

Air Patrol will be as directed by Headquarters Arn^ Air Forces.
b . Th e C o mma n d i n g Ge n e ra l , kn n y Ai r Fo rce s w i l l e xe rci se h i s
control over the Civil Air Patrol through the Assistant, Chief
of Air Staff, Operations, Commitments and Requirements.
By command of General ARNOLD:

Helpful links in machine-readable formats.

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International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF)

Metadata Formats



Brownwood Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 239, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 12, 1943 , newspaper , June 12, 1943 (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth1093776/: accessed June 21, 2021 ), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu crediting Brownwood Public Library .

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June Carter Perry (1943- )

Ambassador June Carter Perry was born November 13, 1943 in Texarkana, Arkansas. After completing grade school, Perry was accepted at the Loyola University in Chicago, Illinois where in 1965 she earned her degree in history. Two years later she earned a master’s degree in European History at the University of Chicago. Shortly afterwards she married Frederick M. Perry and the couple had two children, Chad and Andre.

From May 1972 to October 1974, Perry served as the Public Affairs Director and broadcaster for WGMS/RKO Radio in Washington, D.C. In October 1974, she became a Special Assistant in the Community Services Administration, a national anti-poverty agency. In September 1976, Perry became the Public Affairs Director for the Peace Corps, the ACTION agency, and VISTA. Perry remained the Public Affairs Director of the three programs until 1982.

In 1983, Perry began her career as Foreign Service Officer for the U.S. Department of State. Over her 21 year career, she worked at U.S. embassies in Lusaka, Zambia, Harare, Zimbabwe, and Paris, France. She was the Deputy Chief of Mission at U.S. embassies in Antananarivo, Madagascar and Bangui, Central African Republic. Perry served as the State Department’s Director of Office of Social and Humanitarian Affairs where she handled United Nations Commissions that dealt with women and human rights. She worked as Deputy Director for Policy and Plans in the Political-Military Affairs Bureau and served as Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State. Perry also worked at Department of State’s Africa Bureau.

On April 30, 2004, President George W. Bush nominated Perry to become Ambassador to the Kingdom of Lesotho. After U.S. Senate confirmation she arrived in Maseru, the capital, on September 23, 2004. As ambassador, Perry supported programs that helped improve Lesotho’s health, education, and economic infrastructure. She helped arrange the funding of nearly $400 million to establish the first water delivery system throughout the country. She also worked with U.S. firms to encourage them to import Lesotho textiles which in turn helped create 50,000 jobs in the nation. Perry also persuaded the Peace Corps to expand its volunteer program to remote areas of Lesotho.

On May 16, 2007, President George W. Bush nominated Perry to be ambassador to Sierra Leone. After U.S. Senate confirmation she arrived in Freetown and was sworn in on August 27, 2007. Perry entered Sierra Leone at the end of a decade-long civil war and thus spent much of her time working on international peacekeeping operations and meeting with regional leaders to ensure equal protection for all political parties as the country transitioned back to democratic rule. She helped reestablish the Peace Corps in the nation and assisted the Sierra Leone government’s efforts to promote an anti-AIDS campaign. Perry’s term as ambassador ended in 2009 and she returned to the United States and retired from the U.S. Department of State in January 2010.

Perry now travels around the country lecturing at colleges and universities. From September 2011 to December 2012, she served as the Cyrus Vance Visiting Professor of International Relations at Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts. In 2013 Perry taught at the University of Missouri and delivered the Distinguished Monroe Paine Lecturer for the Harry S. Truman School of Public Affairs. In March 2014, she was a guest lecturer at the Quinney School of Law at the University of Utah.

Tanks with 12. SS Panzer Division in June 1944?

Post by wf789 » 11 Apr 2020, 21:25

I am looking for some assistance in working out which tanks were with the 12. SS in June 1944 around the time of Normandy.

Digging through the internet I have been able to summarize this:

I. Battalion
Panther ausf A. ( lots of places said there were only G?) But I found this: https://worldwar2database.com/gallery/wwii0141
Panther ausf G. (there seems to be period photos of the G. but could not find a numbered one). Possibly 536, 723??

II. Battalion
Panzer ausf H. (period photos such as 626, 615, 618).
Panzer ausf J. (could not find any photo)

I hope someone can tell me what were the right models in the 12. SS Panzer Division at this time. Any pictures would be great! Esp. for the Panther A & Panzer J as I'm not sure whether these were used at this period, especially the Panzer ausf J.

Re: Tanks with 12. SS Panzer Division in June 1944?

Post by Алексей » 13 Apr 2020, 18:52

Re: Tanks with 12. SS Panzer Division in June 1944?

Post by warriorant » 13 Apr 2020, 20:11

Password required, no photos visible.

Re: Tanks with 12. SS Panzer Division in June 1944?

Post by Алексей » 13 Apr 2020, 20:25

Re: Tanks with 12. SS Panzer Division in June 1944?

Post by wf789 » 28 Apr 2020, 20:53

Thank you for this - a great write-up. I read it with Google translate Russian > English.

Since making this post, I have found lots of period photographs of 12. SS Panzer Div tanks from various books. However, with not much detailed information on each company, so that link is very helpful! Before, I also didn't realise that there were modified Panther Ausf. D's & even Panther II's in the division.

I'm actually planning on making models of some of the tanks from this division. I am now trying to research one tank in particular, 615, from II Battalion 6th company. It's suggested that 6th company was most likely later in the Ardennes with 1st, 3rd, 6th and 7th companies.

I have a question for everyone! Here is some photos that I have found from 1943 to June 1944 Normandy. In this first picture you can see that the Schurzen (armour side skirts) are intact in 1943, but in the second picture they are missing from the right side. Do you think in the third picture, the second schurzen from the front is also missing on the tanks left-hand side? it is hard to tell. The soldier is in the way

Watch the video: Celebrities born on June 12th